Pixels, Megapixels, and Desktop Resolutions
I've always wondered why digital cameras express their resolutions in terms of megapixels, rather than the typical pixel height and width numbers you find on computer displays. Nobody buys a 21" LCD with 1.9 megapixels of resolution; they buy a 21" LCD that can display 1600 x 1200. But they're technically the same thing: 1600 x 1200 is 1,920,000 pixels, or 1.9 megapixels. It looks like we're using the old hard drive manufacturer's trick of dividing by powers of ten.
One problem with using the megapixel designation alone is that you have no idea what the aspect ratio of those pixels are-- 16:9? 5:4? 1.33:1? Who knows, maybe that 1.9 megapixel camera is really taking 192 x 10,000 pictures. Pixels are pixels, right?
It's interesting to note that the most common monitor resolutions (800x600, 1024x768, etc) are 4:3. I didn't realize how oddball the 1280x1024 ratio was. The widescreen variants are really catching on quickly, too, if the current LCD monitor selection at Newegg is any indication.
You can compare the different resolutions of most common electronic devices (cameras, screens, video, etc) and many common formats using this nifty dynamic megapixel overview tool. Some of the camera models listed tend to have 4:3 aspect ratios, like PC displays. But not all. The 3:2 ratio is also common. Here are a few samples:
- Canon Powershot Pro 1
3264 x 2448 (8 megapixels, 4:3)
- Canon EOS 5D
4368 x 2912 (12.7 megapixels, 3:2)
- Nikon D70s
3006 x 2000 (6 megapixels, 3:2)